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Authoritarian Control Mechanism over Chinese Intellectuals under the KMT Regime: A Study on Its History and Effects

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104235, PP. 1-22

Subject Areas: History, Politics

Keywords: KMT, Authoritarian Control, Pro-Government Intellectuals, Critical-Oppositional Intellectuals, Active College Students

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Abstract

After the Kuomintang (KMT) established a nationalist regime on mainland China in 1927, some Chinese intellectuals were recruited into the regime and served at even key positions, whereas others chose to maintain independence and autonomy in order to check the power of the authority. In 1949, the KMT retreat from Mainland to Taiwan with many excellent intellectuals, including both those pro-regime ones and those liberal ones. Due to the variation of the components of intellectuals, the KMT authority adopted different tactics to impose its control over them. By using censorship to the critical-oppositional intellectuals, imposing campus control to the active college students, and establishing political warfare system to restrict pro-government intellectuals, the KMT regime managed to limit the sociopolitical influence of the people among these groups. However, all the strategies and tactics employed by the KMT did not work well enough to maintain its rule during the martial law period; thus, it is appropriate to say that the KMT’s social control over intellectuals were not effective to persist its authoritarian rule.

Cite this paper

Gao, L. and Xia, L. (2018). Authoritarian Control Mechanism over Chinese Intellectuals under the KMT Regime: A Study on Its History and Effects. Open Access Library Journal, 5, e4235. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1104235.

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