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Mar 15, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Modern Welfare State and Social Democracy: Interdependence and Policy Importance

Emmanouil Mavrozacharakis, Stylianos Ioannis Tzagkarakis
Social democratic parties during the early stages of their development have accepted capitalism and have considered the welfare state as a tool in order to indirectly achieve the goals of social justice and cohesion. In the first half of the 20th century, the welfare state was the basic tool for the implementation of the social democratic ideas, but after the oil crises of the 1970s and more intensively during the last thre

Jan 09, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Authoritarian Control Mechanism over Chinese Intellectuals under the KMT Regime: A Study on Its History and Effects

Lei Gao, Lu Xia
After the Kuomintang (KMT) established a nationalist regime on mainland China in 1927, some Chinese intellectuals were recruited into the regime and served at even key positions, whereas others chose to maintain independence and autonomy in order to check the power of the authority. In 1949, the KMT retreat from Mainland to Taiwan with many excellent intellectuals, including both those pro-regime ones and thos

Dec 22, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Transparency: A Tool for Effective Environmental Governance in Nigeria

Saheed Matemilola, Isa Elegbede
In the recent past, there have been calls for transparency in governance from different quarters. These calls testify to the importance of transparency to the overall social welfare. There is virtually no aspect of contemporary life that is unaffected by the system of governance, but governance today is almost entirely devoid of transparency. Transparency mechanisms encourage public officials to act in the interest of the pu

Dec 21, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Indigenous Peoples Mandatory Representation in the Local Legislative Councils: Status, Challenges and Trajectories

Paquito M. Villanueva, Vilma B. Ramos, Larcy V. Villaroman, Aileen A. Villanueva
This paper gives an overview of the Mandatory Representation of the Indigenous People of the Philippines. At present, the indigenous peoples and other minority groups are under-represented in the country’s local legislature. This paper gives rise to the rights of indigenous peoples’ mandatory representation in all local government sanggunians at all levels and that IPMR shall be selected in accordance with the guidelines adopted a

Dec 15, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Decentralizing HIV/AIDS Education in the Philippines: A Measure of Awareness from the Grassroots

Elvira H. Ronquillo, Anthony B. San Pedro, Lorna B. Bote, John Eric Dizon
The HIV/AIDS is pandemic. The study measured the level of understanding of the community on HIV/AIDS as part of measuring the impact of decentralized initiative against HIV/AIDS. It applies the Systems’ Theory of Policy Process developed by David Easton. The study showed that: age, gender, civil status and religion have nothing to do with the level of understanding of the HIV/AIDS. The study reveale

Nov 28, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Law and Politics: Montesquieu and the 4 Schools of Legal Theory

Jan-Erik Lane
The theory of separation of powers in the state by Montesquieu (1748) is the longest serving theory in real politics, maintaining its relevance for more than 200 hundred years. Most constitutions in written form follow his paradigm, at least from a formal point of view. Constitutional democracies certainly apply or enforce Montesquieu’s ideal-type for rule of law and political stability. How d

Nov 22, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Internet, Political Socialization, and Youth’s Political Culture in the South of Brazil

Marcello Baquero
From a conventional theoretical perspective on political science, technological media is considered a powerful inductor of young citizen’s attitudes and behavior. The Internet is generating an environment where new forms of social interaction between politics and society take place. These tools were widely used by Brazilian youth in protests against the government in July 2013. Could this be the beginning of a new process

Oct 27, 2017Open    AccessArticle

The Impact of Pan-Africanist Political Rhetoric on African Public Policy: The Future of African-American Rhetoric

Sechaba Khoapa
This short paper aims to discuss the effects of African-American rhetoric on the developments of African public policy. There is an historic relationship between the civil rights struggle in the United States and the struggle for independence on the continent that was greatly influenced by the political discourse that emerged in the US during the 1960’s. This examination or discussion will reflect an essay by Dr. Molefi Asante ent

Oct 19, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Working with Aggregate Data: An Excel Macro for Pairwise Comparison Using Z Test for Two Proportions

Victor L. Landry
A Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) Excel macro was created for doing a pairwise, two-sample Z-test of within-column proportions fork data rows in an Excel spreadsheet. By program iteration, the Z-score for

Oct 19, 2017Open    AccessArticle

Challenges Influencing Peace Building Strategies in Somalia: A Study of AU Mission in Somalia (AMISOM)

William Oluoch Ligawa
Somalia has been caught in a wave of violent conflicts since collapse of the central government in the early 1990s. Different armed militant groups have been controlling most parts of the failed state. Al shabaab remains a major threat to the weak Federal Government of Somalia. Different peace support operations have been mounted in the past yet durable peace remains elusive. Previous peace support operations