All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99

ViewsDownloads

Knowledge of Risk Factors of Health Professionals towards Colorectal Cancer at the Mohammed VI Center of Casablanca for the Treatment of Cancers

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105577, PP. 1-10

Subject Areas: Public Health, Oncology, Epidemiology

Keywords: Colorectal Cancer, Knowledge, Risk Factors, Doctors, Nurses, Health Professionals

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract

Introduction: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a major public health problem in Morocco. Knowledge of risk factors is the first step in raising awareness. The objective of this work was to evaluate the knowledge of health professionals working at the Mohammed VI center for the treatment of cancers on risk factors of colorectal cancer. Patients and methods: We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive, exhaustive study of the hospital personal present (N = 100) stratified according to the activity pole in three groups: G1: Doctors, G2: Nurses and physicists and G3: reception personnel. Results: The participation rate was (90.91%). The average age of the health professionals was 31.77 ± 9.8. These included doctors (38%), nurses (16%) and support personal (46%). There was a female predominance. Doctors (79.5%) are significantly more aware than nurses (45.9%) and reception staff (31.6%) that age over 40 is a risk factor with p = 0.0001. We report a low awareness of nurses and hospital personal compared to physicians about the role of genetic history such as family history of colorectal cancer, familial adenomatous polyposis, and hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer, IBD and polyps in preventing CRC with p = 0.0001. Regarding toxic habits, tobacco and alcohol are considered a risk factor for most of medical staff. Obesity is also considered a significant risk factor for 70.5% of Group 1 and 32.4% of Group 2 and 36.8% of Group 3 with p = 0.001. The most common preventative factors reported by doctors and health professionals were a diet rich in vegetables and fruits, and regular physical activity. Conclusion: In the light of these results, it appears that the knowledge of the health personal is limited and that it will have to be strengthened by promotion of initial and continuous training on risk factors for colorectal cancer.

Cite this paper

Imad, F. E. , Drissi, H. , Tawfiq, N. , Radallah, D. and Bendahhou, K. (2019). Knowledge of Risk Factors of Health Professionals towards Colorectal Cancer at the Mohammed VI Center of Casablanca for the Treatment of Cancers. Open Access Library Journal, 6, e5577. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1105577.

References

[1]  RCRC (2016) Registre des Cancers de la Région de grand Casablanca, données 2008-2012.
[2]  Mallem, D. (2010) Les cancers colorectaux dans les wilayas de Batna. Etude épidémiologique clinique et thérapeutique. Thèse doctorat en sciences médicales, Université de Batna, EL Hadj Lakhdar, Faculté de médecine, Algérie, 239.
[3]  Burke, K.M., Mohn-Brown, E.L. and Eby, L. (2011) Medical Surgical Nursing Care. 3rd Edition, Pearson, Upper Saddle River, 674-691.
[4]  Harmy, M.Y., Norwati, D., Noor, N.M. and Amry, A.R. (2011) Knowledge and Attitude of CRC Screening among Moderate Risk Patients in West Malaysia. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 12, 1957-1960.
[5]  Tam, T.K.W., Ng, K.K. and Lau, C.M. (2011) Fecal Occult Blood Screening: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice in Four Hong Kong Primary Care Clinics. Hong Kong Medical Journal, 17, 350-357.
[6]  Christou, A. and Thompson, S.C. (2012) CRC Screening Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavioural Intention among Indigenous Western Australians. BMC Public Health, 12, 528. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-528
[7]  Javanparast, S., Ward, P.R., Carter, S.M. and Wilson, C.J. (2012) Barriers to and Facilitators of CRC Screening in Different Population Subgroups in Adelaide, South Australia. Medical Journal of Australia, 196, 521-523.
https://doi.org/10.5694/mja11.10701
[8]  Sanderson, P.R., Weinstein, N., Teufel-Shone, N. and Martinez, M.E. (2011) Assessing CRC Screening Knowledge at Tribal Fairs. Preventing Chronic Disease, 8, 16.
[9]  Thanapirom, K., Treeprasertsuk, S. and Rerknimitr, R. (2012) Awareness of Colorectal Cancer Screening in Primary Care Physicians. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, 95, 859-865.
[10]  Omran, S., Barakat, H., Muliira, J.K. and Aljadaa, N. (2015) Knowledge, Experiences, and Barriers to Colorectal Cancer Screening: A Survey of Health Care Providers Working in Primary Care Settings. Journal of Cancer Education, 30, 53-61.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s13187-014-0676-0
[11]  Coups, E.J., Hay, J. and Ford, J.S. (2008) Awareness of the Role of Physical Activity in Colon Cancer Prevention. Patient Education and Counseling, 72, 246-251.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2008.03.007
[12]  Stead, M., Caswell, S. and Craigie, A.M. (2012) Understanding the Potential and Challenges of Adenoma Treatment as a Prevention Opportunity: Insights from the BeWEL Formative Study. Preventive Medicine, 54, 97-103.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.10.017

Full-Text


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

微信:OALib Journal