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Analyzing the Health Security System in Japan: Lessons Learned for Bangladesh

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1106227, PP. 1-13

Subject Areas: Public Health, Health Policy

Keywords: Health Service, Insurance, Out of Pocket Money, Patients, Payment

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Abstract

Bangladesh has achieved tremendous success in health sector. Despite remarkable achievements in health security is still a concern for the nation. Most of the people still live in village and grope to receive better health services around them. However, they don’t have scope to consult with anticipated doctors aside from coming in any city. On the other hand, medical expenses are quite high that puts pressure on them. This article explores Japanese’ experience in designing and implementing effective mechanism and policies for better health service and extracts lessons from them to suggest some policy measures that Bangladesh may consider in its effort to ensure quality and affordable health service. This study applies qualitative research methodology and collects data from secondary sources. This study found that all citizens of Japan have to come under any insurance policy to receive health services that results bills are paid under copayment system. The government also sets all prices centrally that is why no one can increase or decrease any medical expenses. This study also found that payment portion for medical expenses being changed based on ages that leave the scope for the citizen to receive health service under a convenient and affordable condition. These initiatives together with other supporting attempts would help Bangladesh achieve better health service.

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Mahmud, M. K. (2020). Analyzing the Health Security System in Japan: Lessons Learned for Bangladesh. Open Access Library Journal, 7, e6227. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1106227.

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