All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99

ViewsDownloads

Effect of Water and Fertilizer Regulation on the Soil Available P Content in Winter Wheat at West Lake Plain and Baiyang Lake in China

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1106774, PP. 1-10

Subject Areas: Environmental Sciences, Agricultural Engineering

Keywords: Fertilizer Phosphate Soil

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib

Abstract

Water and nutrients are the basic requirements for crop growth, which are mutually interacting and restricted. This paper studied winter wheat (wheat breed: Ji wheat 22) on changes in soil nutrient leaching in the regulation measures of water and fertilizer (two irrigation methods: traditional irrigation (A) and water-saving irrigation (B); three fertilization factors: no fertilization (CK), traditional fertilization (FC) and optimized fertilization (FO)). The results showed that under the different water and fertilizer regulations, the nitrate concentration in the soil decreased with increasing soil depth. The soil nitrate concentration in the water-saving irrigation treatment was lower than that in the traditional irrigation treatment. During wheat growth, the accumulated amount of nitrogen and phosphorus in the plant increased constantly, reaching its maximum at the mature stage. This paper analyzes the environmental benefits of winter wheat irrigation and fertilization and provides a theoretical basis for rotation system efficiency and the sustainable production of winter wheat in a plain area.

Cite this paper

Zhao, J. , Chen, M. , Li, J. and Zhou, J. (2020). Effect of Water and Fertilizer Regulation on the Soil Available P Content in Winter Wheat at West Lake Plain and Baiyang Lake in China. Open Access Library Journal, 7, e6774. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/oalib.1106774.

References

[1]  Wu, P.T. and Feng, H. (2005) A Preliminary Study on the Development Strategy of Water-Saving Agriculture in China. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 21, 152-157.
[2]  Wang, J.S., Jiao, X.Y., et al. (2016) Effects of Different Irrigation Periods and Nitrogen Application Rates on Water Use and Yield of Sorghum. Journal of Shanxi Agricultural Sciences, 6, 777-783.
[3]  Arheimer, B. and Lidén, R. (2000) Nitrogen and Phosphorus Concentrations from Agricultural Catchments Influence of Spatial and Temporal Variables. Journal of Hydrology, 227, 140-159. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-1694(99)00177-8
[4]  Li, J.R., Chen, L.D., Fu, B.J., et al. (2002) Temporal and Spatial Variation Characteristics of Non-Point Source Nitrogen in Surface Water of Yuqiao Reservoir. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 22, 238-242.
[5]  Tapiavargas, M., Tiscarenolopez, M., Stone, J.J., et al. (2001) Tillage System Effects on Runoff and Sediment Yield in Hill Slope Agriculture. Field Crops Research, 69, 173-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(00)00139-8
[6]  Wang, X., Li, X.L., Zhang, M., et al. (2008) Reasons for Agricultural Non-Point Source Pollution and Strategies for Developing Sustainable Ecological Agriculture in Zigui County, the Three Gorges Reservoir Area. Bulletin of Agricultural Science and Technology, No. 12, 98-100.
[7]  Matson, A.A., Naylor, R. and Ortiz-Monasterio, I. (1998) Integration of Environmental, Agronomic, and Economic Aspects of Fertilizer Management. Science, 280, 112-115. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.280.5360.112
[8]  Wolfe, D.W., Henderson, D.W., Hsiao, T.C., et al. (1988) Interactive Water and Nitrogen Effects on Senescence of Maize. I. Leaf Area Duration, Nitrogen Distribution, and Yield. Agronomy Journal, 80, 859-864. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1988.00021962008000060004x
[9]  Howell, T.A. (2001) Enhancing Water Use Efficiency in Irrigated Agriculture. Agronomy Journal, 93, 281-289. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2001.932281x
[10]  Zhang, W.L., Tian, Z.X., Zhang, N., et al. (1996) Nitrate Pollution of Groundwater in Northern China. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 59, 223-231. https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-8809(96)01052-3
[11]  Andraski, T.W., Bundy, L.G. and Brye, K.R. (2000) Crop Management and Corn Nitrogen Rate Effects on Nitrate Leaching. Journal of Environmental Quality, 29, 1095-1103. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2000.00472425002900040009x
[12]  Varma, S.K., Malik, B.S., Nath, J., et al. (1976) Potassium Absorption as Affected by Nitrogen and Phosphorus Application under Varying Soil Moisture Regimes in Some Cereal and Leguminous Crops.
[13]  Arnon, I. (1975) Physiological Principles of Dryland Crop Production. Physiological Aspects of Dryland Farming U.S. Gupta.
[14]  Liu, X., Shao, L., Sun, H., et al. (2013) Responses of Yield and Water Use Efficiency to Irrigation Amount Decided by Pan Evaporation for Winter Wheat. Agricultural Water Management, 129, 173-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2013.08.002
[15]  Fang, Q.X., Ma, L., Green, T.R., et al. (2010) Water Resources and Water Use Efficiency in the North China Plain: Current Status and Agronomic Management Options. Agricultural Water Management, 97, 1102-1116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2010.01.008
[16]  Fang, Q.X., Chen, Y.H., Yu, Q., et al. (2007) Much Improved Irrigation Use Efficiency in an Intensive Wheat-Maize Double Cropping System in the North China Plain. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology, 49, 1517-1526. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1672-9072.2007.00559.x
[17]  Ji, Q., Sun, H.Y., Taraqqi, A.K. and Wang, X.D. (2014) Impact of Different Tillage Practices on Soil Organic Carbon and Water Use Efficiency under Continuous Wheat-Maize Binary Cropping System. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 25, 1029-1035.
[18]  Ju, X.T. and Gu, B.J. (2014) Current Status, Problems and Trends of Nitrogen Fertilizer Application in Farmland in China. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Fertilizer, 20, 783-795.

Full-Text


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us

service@oalib.com

QQ:3279437679

微信:OALib Journal