All Title Author
Keywords Abstract

Publish in OALib Journal
ISSN: 2333-9721
APC: Only $99


Chinese Undergraduate Students’ Intercultural Adaptation in German Higher Education—A Report from a Double First-Class University in Shanghai

DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1106815, PP. 1-14

Subject Areas: Education, International Relations, Culture

Keywords: Intercultural Adaptation, Chinese Undergraduate Students, Cultural Difference, German Higher Education, Sino-German Cooperative Education Program

Full-Text   Cite this paper   Add to My Lib


Grounded in researches on intercultural adaptation and the status quo of Chinese undergraduate students in German higher education, using an online anonymous questionnaire-based approach, this study investigated these student sojourners’ intercultural adaptation in terms of general life, social communication, academic studies, and mental health. Further coping strategies and suggestions were provided with regard to the four aspects of boosting foreign language skills and competence, respecting, understanding, tolerating and accepting cultural differences, constructing positive and healthy psychological expectations, and improving diverse offline and online social support systems.

Cite this paper

Xi, J. , Song, R. and Rao, X. (2020). Chinese Undergraduate Students’ Intercultural Adaptation in German Higher Education—A Report from a Double First-Class University in Shanghai. Open Access Library Journal, 7, e6815. doi:


[1]  Redfield, R., Linton, R. and Herskovits, M.J. (1936) Memorandum for the Study of Acculturation. American Anthropologist, 38, 149.
[2]  Berry, J.W. (2005) Acculturation: Living Successfully in Two Cultures. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 29, 697-712.
[3]  杨安琪. 来华留学生跨文化适应影响因素研究[J]. 文化创新比较研究, 2019, 3(8): 174-179.
[4]  Searle, W. and Ward, C. (1990) The Predictions of Psychological and Socio-Cultural Adjustment During Cross-Cultural Transitions. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 14, 449-464.
[5]  Berry, J.W. (1992) Psychology of Acculturation. In: Brislin. R.W., Ed., Applied Cross Cultural Psychology, Sage, Newbury Park, CA, 232-253.
[6]  Kim, Y.Y. (2003) Adapting to an Unfamiliar Culture: An Interdisciplinary Overview. In: Gudykunst, W.B., Ed., Cross-Cultural and Intercultural Communication, Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, 243-257.
[7]  殷丽霞. 简述跨文化交际的学科历程[J]. 青年时代, 2019(4): 22-23.
[8]  元青. 民国时期中国留德学生与中德文化交流[J]. 近代史研究, 1997(3): 237-256.
[9]  中国赴德留学人数3.69万成德国第一大留学生来源国[EB/OL]., 2019-08-19.
[10]  Li, H. (2017) Academic Integration of Mainland Chinese Students in Germany. Social Inclusion, 5, 80-92.
[11]  Lux, M. (2013) Challenges and Measures Related to the Integration of Chinese Students in Germany—The Activities of a German Foundation. In: Coverdale-Jones, T., Ed., Transnational Higher Education in the Asian Context, Palgrave Macmillan, London, 82-94.
[12]  俞可. 德国留学: 毕业率低, 德企需求量高[N]. 中国教育报, 2015-11-05(012).
[13]  张慧婧, 李方舟. 赴外中国高校交换生跨文化适应问题及对策探析[J]. 高教论坛, 2018(10): 82-84, 97.
[14]  Masgoret, A.-M. and Ward, C. (2006) 5-Culture Learning Approach to Acculturation. In: Sam, D.L. and Berry, J.W., Eds., The Cambridge Handbook of Acculturation Psychology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 58-77.
[15]  吴为善, 严慧仙. 跨文化交际概论[M]. 北京: 商务印书馆, 2009.
[16]  Dew, A.-M. and Ward, C. (1993) The Effects of Ethnicity and Culturally Congruent and Incongruent Nonverbal Behaviors on Interpersonal Attraction. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 23, 1376-1389.
[17]  Mao, X. (2011) Die soziale und wirtschaftliche Llage der chinesischen Studierenden in Berlin 2010. GRIN Verlag.
[18]  Kennedy, P. (2002) Learning Cultures and Learning Styles: Myth-Understandings about Adult (Hong Kong) Chinese Learners. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 21, 430-445.
[19]  Nield, K. (2009) The Problems of Applying Labels of Learning Style to National Cultures. International Journal of Learning, 16, 425-434.
[20]  Sayers, J. (2008) Culture Shock! Cultural Issues in a Tertiary Course Using Reflective Techniques. Reflective Practice, 9, 79-88.
[21]  Auyeung, P. and Sands, J. (2009) A Cross Cultural Study of the Learning Style of Accounting Students. Accounting & Finance, 36, 261-274.
[22]  Guan. H. (2007) Anpassung und Integration der chinesischen Studierenden in Deutschland-Eine Untersuchung anhand des Beispiels an der Universität Bremen.
[23]  Oberg, K. (1960) Cultural Shock: Adjustment to New Cultural Environments. Practical Anthropology, 7, 177-182.
[24]  Zhang, J., Mandl, H. and Wang, E. (2010) Personality, Acculturation, and Psychosocial Adjustment of Chinese International Students in Germany. Psychological Reports, 107, 511-525.
[25]  Naughton M.J. and Wiklund, I. (1994) A Critical Review of Dimension-Specific Measures of Health Related Quality of Life in Cross-Cultural Research. Quality of Life Research, 2, 397-432.
[26]  Larson, R.W. (2000) Toward a Psychology of Positive Youth Development. American Psychologist, 55, 170-183.
[27]  Mannan, M.A. (2007) Student Attrition and Academic and Social Integration: Application of Tinto’s Model at the University of Papua New Guinea. Higher Education, 53, 147-165.
[28]  Ibadova, T.I. (2011) The Problem of Tolerance in Modern Foreign Psychology. Bulletin of Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia. Series: Psychology and Pedagogics, 3, 68-74.
[29]  Novikova, I.A. and Novikov, A.L. (2013) Tolerance Types and Features of Intercultural Adaptation in International Students. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 3, 625-625.
[30]  孔文静. 德语能力对留德学生跨文化适应的影响研究和对策分析——以浙江科技学院“2 3”项目为例[J]. 文化创新比较研究, 2018, 2(35): 80-81, 83.
[31]  Winkelman, M. (1994) Cultural Shock and Adaptation. Journal of Counseling & Development, 73, 121-126.
[32]  Jin, S. (2010) Die Universität als Raum Kultureller Differenzerfahrung: Chinesische Studierende an einer deutschen Hochschule. Peter Lang, Frankfurt.
[33]  Berry, J.W., Kim, U., Minde, T. and Mok, D. (1987) Comparative Studies of Acculturative Stress. International Migration Review, 21, 491-511.
[34]  Granovetter, M.S. (1973) The Strength of Weak Ties. American Journal of Sociology, 78, 1360-1380.
[35]  King, S.A. and Moreggi, D. (1998) Internet Therapy and Self-Help Groups—The Pros and Cons. Psychology & the Internet Intrapersonal Interpersonal & Transpersonal, 77-109.
[36]  Berry, J.W. (1997) Immigration, Acculturation, and Adaptation. Applied Psychology, 46, 5-34.
[37]  Rudmin, F.W. (2003) Critical History of the Acculturation Psychology of Assimilation, Separation, Integration, and Marginalization. Review of General Psychology, 7, 3-37.
[38]  Yu, W. and Wang, S. (2011) An Investigation into the Acculturation Strategies of Chinese Students in Germany. Intercultural Communication Studies, 20, 190-210.
[39]  Chen, L. and Yang, X. (2015) Nature and Effectiveness of Online Social Support for Intercultural Adaptation of Mainland Chinese International Students. International Journal of Communication, 9, 21.


comments powered by Disqus

Contact Us


微信:OALib Journal