OALib Journal
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Dec 31, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Supportive Approach to Covid-19 Treatment with Acupuncture Practice

Mehmet Tugrul Cabioglu, Caner Horzum, Saltuk Cabioglu
Nowadays, there is no specific antiviral treatment for COVID-19 that has been proven to be safe and effective. Therefore, the prophylactic approach, that is, the preventive approach, especially in risk groups, comes plan to the fore before the disease occurs. In the Covid-19 pandemic, the preventive prophylactic approach becomes even more important as there are doctors, nurses, healthcare professionals and public officials working in this period, especially within the risk group. It is known tha...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106457


Nov 23, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Measles Outbreak Investigation in Pweto Health Zone—Haut-Katanga Province, DR of the Congo, 2018

Gabriel Kwete Woto Kwete, Ekra Yao, Jacques Kyungu Wa Numbi
Background: Sub-Saharan Africa reports repeated outbreaks of measles, a vaccine-preventable disease, which is notifiable under the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). DRC has reported several outbreaks of measles in the last three years. Poor immunization coverage and weak health systems have been related with measles and other vaccination-preventable diseases’ outbreaks. The DRC has committed to eliminating measles by 2020. In this...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106863


Oct 30, 2020Open    AccessArticle

The Impact of Community Outreaches on Tuberculosis Case Notification in Sardauna Local Government Area, Taraba State, Nigeria

Markus Nzunde, Haruna Ismaila Adamu, Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh, Chukwuebuka Ugwu, Abe Agbu
Background: According to the Global TB report 2019, a total of 7 million new TB cases were notified globally in 2018, out of an estimated 10 million cases, resulting in a gap of 3 million between the incident and notified TB cases, with Nigeria contributing 12% of such a gap. To address this gap, the WHO Nigeria country office, in collaboration with NTP and support from USAID engaged TB surveillance officers in 12 priority States in 2018. Since then, several active TB case finding interventions ...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106856


Sep 29, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Malaria Surveillance at the Patent Medicine Vendors: A Pilot Study in Jigawa State, Nigeria

Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh, Abdullahi Saddiq, Rex Mpazanje, Lynda Ozor, Umar Garba Bulangu, Seye Babatunde, Ini Nglass, Edwin Edeh, Nura Shuaib, Moses Onoh
Background: In Nigeria, the 2018 world malaria report shows that the country’s malaria surveillance system detects less than 20 per cent of the total malaria case. In malaria control programmes, the main source of data is health facility-based and reported routinely through the health information systems. The collected data is mainly for monitoring and evaluation at the programmatic level. Although the adoption of the District Health Information Software (DHIS2) has greatly improved the availabi...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106641


Sep 29, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Oversight Role of the WHO Independent Monitoring of the 2018-19 LLINs Replacement Campaign in Nigeria

Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh, Rex Mpazanje, Lynda Ozor, Abdullahi Saddiq, Seye Babatunde, Ini Nglass, Edwin Edeh, Moses Onoh, Nura Shuaib
The World Health Organisation (WHO) independent monitoring report (IMR) for the Long-lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLINs) replacement campaign in Nigeria aims to ensure the campaigns met the minimum WHO standard through monitoring and guiding of the processs to achieve universal LLIN coverage and stop malaria transmission. The concept of an independent monitoring report was an innovation from the Independent Monitoring Board report of the Polio Elimination Programme. The independent monitoring repo...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106640


Jun 30, 2020Open    AccessArticle

COVID-19: Transmission, Laboratory Diagnosis and Treatment Options

Ebidor Ufoumanefe Lawani-Luwaji, Augustine Oziegbe Akhogba
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV2) the virus responsible for the outbreak of the 2020 pandemic at the Wuhan city in China belongs to the coronavirus family. While the disease rages, scientists are striving to discover drugs and vaccines to combat the virus. Person to person transmission has been the major source of transmission in respiratory droplets from an infected or an asymptomatic infected person to another and indirectly by virus contamination of objects. There ha...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106496


Jun 11, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Viral Infections and New Approaches to Their Treatment

Leila Gevorkyan, Irina Jashi
The article discusses a new version of the fight against viral infections. The use of certain bacterial enzymes that can possibly be used to destroy viral RNA and DNA is discussed. The proposed hypothesis is based on the available data regarding the struggle of bacteria with their viruses that infect themselves. Since opportunistic bacteria are capable of producing certain enzymes, in particular staphylococcal DNase and other bacterial restriction enzymes, they can cope with their own viruses, a...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106384


Apr 29, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Disinfecting Water: Plasma Discharge for Removing Coronaviruses

Djamel Ghernaout, Noureddine Elboughdiri
At COVID-19 time, viruses in water become gravely dangerous to human health and life and very resistant to traditional disinfection methods. As a type of encouraging endeavor for contamination removal, plasma discharge shows good results in dealing with viruses’ removal. Indeed, more efficient, cheaper, and environmentally-friendly than conventional disinfection techniques, electrical discharge technologies are confirmed as. UV emission from plasma dispositions and the impacts of irradiation on ...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106314


Apr 22, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Environmental Engineering for Stopping Viruses Pandemics

Djamel Ghernaout, Noureddine Elboughdiri
A huge number of investigations on the ecological sources, fate, and transport of viruses have been dedicated to non-enveloped viruses such as norovirus and enteroviruses. However, more recent global outbreaks of viral diseases have been provoked by enveloped viruses comprising viruses from the Coronavirus family (SARS, MERS, COVID-19). Enveloped viruses have a lipid membrane encircling their protein capsid and genome. SARS-CoV-2 will surely not be the ultimate fresh virus to jut and badly terro...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106299


Mar 27, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Infections of the Skin among Children in Ho Teaching Hospital of the Volta Region, Ghana

Duniesky Martinez Lopez, Barbara Yordanis Hernandez Cervantes, Deku Emmanuel, Percival D. Agordoh, Fernando Miguel Almaguer, Radisnay Guzman Lambert, Virtue F. De-Gaulle, Lennox Mac-Ankrah, Francis A. Akum, Verner N. Orish
Skin infections are common disorders responsible for hospital attendance in the pediatric practice. Unfortunately, the epidemiology of these infections in tertiary facilities is both unstudied and underreported. Therefore, the burden of skin infections among children in Ghana remains indistinct. This hospital-based study sought to evaluate skin infections among children attending the Ho Teaching Hospital (HTH). In this retrospective study, the electronic medical records of children aged 0 to 14 ...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106192


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